splash
dialogue of the psyche
DREAMS: sequence images, sounds and feelings experienced when sleeping
SEMANTICS: linguistics. the study of meaning.

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/02/the-wise-old-man/

This archetype was described as Carl Jung as a person with great judgment and wisdom.  The wise old man is sometimes referred to as the Sage. This archetype is characterized by being old, bearded, father-figure type who uses his great personal knowledge of the world and offer guidance through stories and may impress upon his [...]

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You Are Viewing Mythology

Collective Unconscious

Posted By admin on August 18th, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/08/collective-unconscious/

Collective unconscious is a term developed by the famous psychologist Carl Jung which pertains to the independent unconscious part of the human mind containing the concepts of humanity. These, as Carl Jung firmly believed, are concepts deeply instilled in our minds since birth. They are referred to as archetypes or models in which a person would likely take after. Furthermore, the respected psychologists believed that collective unconscious has been around since the beginning of man. His conclusion found evidence through Greek mythology where archetypes are very apparent in each and every character. He explained that Greek mythology is purely based on archetypes and this is the key to learning more about human behavior.

According to Carl Jung, mythology has been the perfect model on how people react and behave when faced in uncertain situations. It reflects clearly what kind of people we are and every story in Greek mythology harbors truth and justification albeit hidden in words. Dreams, on the other hand, are our gateways to the collective unconscious part of our minds since dreaming knows no boundaries and possibilities are limitless. In dreams, the collective unconscious can be heard without being judged unlike when in reality.

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Demons

Posted By admin on June 8th, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/06/demons/

Demons are the exact opposite of angels and they are usually present in religion, folklore and mythology. They are supernatural beings and they are generally described as deceiving, malevolent spirits.

In Greek mythology, demons are used and applied referring to a God or Goddess but generally, it was referred to as a force or spirit that comes between gods and human. Overtime, it gathered negative connotations and therefore settled to becoming associated with devils and the likes. Both demons and devils are considered as evil spirits and fallen angels of God and they are usually mistaken for one another although they are quite different in meaning and definition.

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Hades- God of the Underworld

Posted By admin on April 30th, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/04/hades-god-of-the-underworld/

In some instances, Hades is the name given for the Underworld and the God himself.  He and his siblings, Zeus and Poseidon defeated the Titans and were given the Underworld, Earth and the Sea to rule respectively.

His Roman equivalent is Pluto.  Cerberus, the three headed dog who guards the entrance to his domain and the Helm of Darkness-a helmet which renders the wearer invisible-are most often associated with Hades.  As ruler of the Underworld, Hades is most often depicted as grim and humorless.

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The River Styx

Posted By admin on April 29th, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/04/the-river-styx/

In Greek mythology, the River Styx is one of the six rivers that form the boundary between the land of the living and the land of the dead.  The other rivers are called Phlegethon, Acheron, Cocytus, Lethe and Eridanos.  The Styx was guarded by Phlegyas who passed the souls from one side of the river to the other.  Phlegyas is also known as Charon who uses a boat to ferry souls to the Underworld.

Styx is a very popular representation of the Underworld and the afterlife and is usually likened to Christianity’s Hell.  In Dante’s Divine Comedy, Charon plied the river Acheron while Phlegyas skimmed the Styx where it was known as the fifth circle of hell and where sullen and wrathful souls were drowned in a muddy pool of water as punishment for all eternity.

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Aphrodite the Greek Godess of Love and Beauty

Posted By admin on April 28th, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/04/aphrodite-the-greek-godess-of-love-and-beauty/

Aphrodite, or Venus in Roman mythology, was a Greek goddess often associated with love, sex and beauty.  Legends say that she was borne out of the sea when Cronus castrated his father Uranus and threw his genitals to the sea.  And from the aphros (sea foam) rose Aphrodite.  The island where Aphrodite was born was Cyprus.  When she stepped into the shores of the island, flowers and grass began to grow about her.

Aphrodite was said to be the most beautiful of all goddesses.  She is often depicted as young, beautiful and with a perfect body.  Because of her beauty, the gods feared that war would break out between them and so Zeus married her to the smith god Hephaestus.  Aphrodite however was unhappy in her marriage and cheated on her husband with Ares, the Greek god of war and Adonis, who viewed her as a surrogate mother and lover at the same time.

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Sisyphus

Posted By admin on March 5th, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/03/sisyphus/

According to Greek mythology, Sisyphus was a knave who was punished for all the trickery he had done against gods. His punishment was to roll a boulder uphill only to watch it roll back down everytime it reaches the top, yet he was compelled to push it up all over again. This never ending task requires continual effort that never quite pays off, hence the word Sisyphean.

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The Hero

Posted By admin on February 23rd, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/02/the-hero/

The hero is an archetype of a person who despite trials and tribulations perseveres and triumph through them.  They display courage and self-sacrifice for a greater good.  In Greek Mythology, heroes like Heracles, Achilles and Perseus played an important part of Greek religion.

The hero symbolizes in us the need for triumph and glory in the face of life’s challenges and difficulties.  Most often, these trials and difficulties are problems which seem insurmountable or too overwhelming.  This archetype inspires us to continue and to persist.

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Oedipus

Posted By admin on February 23rd, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/02/oedipus/

Oedipus was a mythical Greek king who was prophesized by the Oracle at Delphi that he would kill his father, marry his mother and put his country chaos.   The Oedipus Complex is also the term used by Sigmund Freud to describe a neuroses where a male child experiences  unconscious desire to have the exclusive love of his mother, even feeling jelousy towards his father.

Oedipus was the son of King Larius and Queen Jocasta,  His parents consulted the  Oracle at Delphi before he was born.  After which, his parents gave him to a herdsman and instructed him to kill the baby.  The herdsman felt pity for the infant and gave him to another herdsman.   The second herdsman brought Oedipus to the king of Cornith, Polybus and his wife Merope.  The king and queen adopted Oedipus and raised him as their own son.  Many years later Oedipus was told by a drunk that he was adopted.  Polybus and Merope denied this and Oedipus instead went to an Oracle who told him that he was destined to kill his father and marry his mother.  Oedipus, thinking that the Oracle meant Polybus and Merope, decided to leave Corinth for Thebes.

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Pandora

Posted By admin on February 23rd, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/02/pandora/

Pandora was the first woman.  Zeus ordered Hephaestus to mold her from earth as part of the punishment for mankind when Prometheus stole the secret of fire.  All the other gods help create her by giving her different gifts.  Venus gave her beauty, Apollo gave her music and Mercury gave her persuasion.   Her name means “giver of all”.

According to the myth, Pandora was given a box, which is actually a jar, and was instructed by the Gods to never open it.  However, the gods also created Pandora to be curious and so she opened the jar and out came disease, sorrow and death to mankind.  When Pandora finally shut the box, only Elpis or Hope was left inside.

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Narcissus

Posted By admin on February 23rd, 2009

http://www.dreamsemantics.com/2009/02/narcissus/

Narcissus was a young boy in Greek mythology who gazed upon his reflection in a pool of water and fell inlove with his own self.  This is where we get the terms narcissistic and narcissism or somebody who loves only himself.

According to Ovid, Narcissus was a vain youth who had many admirers.  When he turned 15 all the youths and young ladies were inlove with him, but he spurned them all.  Echo a nymph, followed Narcissus out while he was hunting for stags.  Narcissus knew that there was somebody following him but when he called out “who’s there”, Echo could only answer “who’s there” in return being too shy to talk to him.  This went on for a while until Echo finally ran to his arms.  Alas, Narcissus rejected Echo and she left him brokenhearted.  Echo spent the rest of her life pining for Narcissus.   Nemesis then punished Narcissus so when he drank from a deep pool Narcissus saw his reflection for the first time and fell in love with his own self.  Realizing that he could never act on this love, narcissus beat his body and died.  A flower grew on the spot where he died and was named after him.

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